တမ်းပလိတ်:Infobox tin

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သံဖြူ,  50Sn
Sn-Alpha-Beta.jpg
left: white, beta, β; right: gray, alpha, α
ယေဘုယျ ဂုဏ်သတ္တိများ
အမည်၊ သင်္ကေတသံဖြူ, Sn
အသံထွက်/ˈtɪn/
TIN
အော်လိုထရိုဖီalpha, α (gray); beta, β (white)
အဆင်းsilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
ဒြပ်စင်အလှည့်ကျဇယားရှိ သံဖြူ
Element 1: Hydrogen (H), Other non-metal
Element 2: Helium (He), Noble gas
Element 3: Lithium (Li), Alkali metal
Element 4: Beryllium (Be), Alkaline earth metal
Element 5: Boron (B), Metalloid
Element 6: Carbon (C), Other non-metal
Element 7: Nitrogen (N), Other non-metal
Element 8: Oxygen (O), Other non-metal
Element 9: Fluorine (F), Halogen
Element 10: Neon (Ne), Noble gas
Element 11: Sodium (Na), Alkali metal
Element 12: Magnesium (Mg), Alkaline earth metal
Element 13: Aluminium (Al), Other metal
Element 14: Silicon (Si), Metalloid
Element 15: Phosphorus (P), Other non-metal
Element 16: Sulfur (S), Other non-metal
Element 17: Chlorine (Cl), Halogen
Element 18: Argon (Ar), Noble gas
Element 19: Potassium (K), Alkali metal
Element 20: Calcium (Ca), Alkaline earth metal
Element 21: Scandium (Sc), Transition metal
Element 22: Titanium (Ti), Transition metal
Element 23: Vanadium (V), Transition metal
Element 24: Chromium (Cr), Transition metal
Element 25: Manganese (Mn), Transition metal
Element 26: Iron (Fe), Transition metal
Element 27: Cobalt (Co), Transition metal
Element 28: Nickel (Ni), Transition metal
Element 29: Copper (Cu), Transition metal
Element 30: Zinc (Zn), Transition metal
Element 31: Gallium (Ga), Other metal
Element 32: Germanium (Ge), Metalloid
Element 33: Arsenic (As), Metalloid
Element 34: Selenium (Se), Other non-metal
Element 35: Bromine (Br), Halogen
Element 36: Krypton (Kr), Noble gas
Element 37: Rubidium (Rb), Alkali metal
Element 38: Strontium (Sr), Alkaline earth metal
Element 39: Yttrium (Y), Transition metal
Element 40: Zirconium (Zr), Transition metal
Element 41: Niobium (Nb), Transition metal
Element 42: Molybdenum (Mo), Transition metal
Element 43: Technetium (Tc), Transition metal
Element 44: Ruthenium (Ru), Transition metal
Element 45: Rhodium (Rh), Transition metal
Element 46: Palladium (Pd), Transition metal
Element 47: Silver (Ag), Transition metal
Element 48: Cadmium (Cd), Transition metal
Element 49: Indium (In), Other metal
Element 50: Tin (Sn), Other metal
Element 51: Antimony (Sb), Metalloid
Element 52: Tellurium (Te), Metalloid
Element 53: Iodine (I), Halogen
Element 54: Xenon (Xe), Noble gas
Element 55: Caesium (Cs), Alkali metal
Element 56: Barium (Ba), Alkaline earth metal
Element 57: Lanthanum (La), Lanthanoid
Element 58: Cerium (Ce), Lanthanoid
Element 59: Praseodymium (Pr), Lanthanoid
Element 60: Neodymium (Nd), Lanthanoid
Element 61: Promethium (Pm), Lanthanoid
Element 62: Samarium (Sm), Lanthanoid
Element 63: Europium (Eu), Lanthanoid
Element 64: Gadolinium (Gd), Lanthanoid
Element 65: Terbium (Tb), Lanthanoid
Element 66: Dysprosium (Dy), Lanthanoid
Element 67: Holmium (Ho), Lanthanoid
Element 68: Erbium (Er), Lanthanoid
Element 69: Thulium (Tm), Lanthanoid
Element 70: Ytterbium (Yb), Lanthanoid
Element 71: Lutetium (Lu), Lanthanoid
Element 72: Hafnium (Hf), Transition metal
Element 73: Tantalum (Ta), Transition metal
Element 74: Tungsten (W), Transition metal
Element 75: Rhenium (Re), Transition metal
Element 76: Osmium (Os), Transition metal
Element 77: Iridium (Ir), Transition metal
Element 78: Platinum (Pt), Transition metal
Element 79: Gold (Au), Transition metal
Element 80: Mercury (Hg), Transition metal
Element 81: Thallium (Tl), Other metal
Element 82: Lead (Pb), Other metal
Element 83: Bismuth (Bi), Other metal
Element 84: Polonium (Po), Metalloid
Element 85: Astatine (At), Halogen
Element 86: Radon (Rn), Noble gas
Element 87: Francium (Fr), Alkali metal
Element 88: Radium (Ra), Alkaline earth metal
Element 89: Actinium (Ac), Actinoid
Element 90: Thorium (Th), Actinoid
Element 91: Protactinium (Pa), Actinoid
Element 92: Uranium (U), Actinoid
Element 93: Neptunium (Np), Actinoid
Element 94: Plutonium (Pu), Actinoid
Element 95: Americium (Am), Actinoid
Element 96: Curium (Cm), Actinoid
Element 97: Berkelium (Bk), Actinoid
Element 98: Californium (Cf), Actinoid
Element 99: Einsteinium (Es), Actinoid
Element 100: Fermium (Fm), Actinoid
Element 101: Mendelevium (Md), Actinoid
Element 102: Nobelium (No), Actinoid
Element 103: Lawrencium (Lr), Actinoid
Element 104: Rutherfordium (Rf), Transition metal
Element 105: Dubnium (Db), Transition metal
Element 106: Seaborgium (Sg), Transition metal
Element 107: Bohrium (Bh), Transition metal
Element 108: Hassium (Hs), Transition metal
Element 109: Meitnerium (Mt), Transition metal
Element 110: Darmstadtium (Ds), Transition metal
Element 111: Roentgenium (Rg), Transition metal
Element 112: Copernicium (Cn), Transition metal
Element 113: Ununtrium (Uut)
Element 114: Ununquadium (Uuq)
Element 115: Ununpentium (Uup)
Element 116: Ununhexium (Uuh)
Element 117: Ununseptium (Uus)
Element 118: Ununoctium (Uuo)
Ge

Sn

Pb
indiumသံဖြူခနောက်စိမ်း
အက်တမ် အမှတ်စဉ် (Z)50
အုပ်စုဘလော့group 14 (carbon group), p-block
ဒြပ်စင်အလှည့်ကျဇယားperiod 5
ဒြပ်စင် ကဏ္ဍ  post-transition metal
စံ အက်တောမစ် အလေးချိန် (±) (Ar)118.710(7)[၁]
အီလက်ထရွန် ပြုပြင်မှု[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
ရုပ်ပိုင်းဆိုင်ရာ ဂုဏ်သတ္တိများ
ဖေ့စ်အစိုင်အခဲ
အရည်ပျော်မှတ်505.08 K ​(231.93 °C, ​449.47 °F)
အရည်ဆူမှတ်2875 K ​(2602 °C, ​4716 °F)
သိပ်သည်းမှု (အခန်းအပူချိန်)white, β: 7.265 g/cm3
gray, α: 5.769 g/cm3
6.99 g/cm3
ဖျူးရှင်းအပူwhite, β: 7.03 kJ/mol
အငွေ့ပျံခြင်း အပူwhite, β: 296.1 kJ/mol
မိုလာ အပူအင်အားwhite, β: 27.112 J/(mol·K)
ငွေ့ရည်ဖိအား
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1497 1657 1855 2107 2438 2893
အက်တောမစ် ဂုဏ်အင်များ
အောက်ဆိုဒ်ဒေးရှင်း အခြေနေ4, 3,[၂] 2, 1,[၃] −1, −2, −3, −4 ​(an amphoteric oxide)
အီလက်ထရွန် ဆန့်ကျင်ဘက်ဓာတ်Pauling scale: 1.96
အိုင်ယွန်းပြုခြင်းစွမ်းအင်1st: 708.6 kJ/mol
2nd: 1411.8 kJ/mol
3rd: 2943.0 kJ/mol
အက်တောမစ် အချင်းဝက်empirical: 140 pm
ကိုဗေးလန့်အချင်းဝက်139±4 pm
ဗန်ဒါဝေါ့စ် အချင်းဝက်217 pm
Miscellanea
ပုံဆောင်ခဲ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံtetragonal
Tetragonal crystal structure for သံဖြူ

white (β)
ပုံဆောင်ခဲ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံface-centered diamond-cubic
Diamond cubic crystal structure for သံဖြူ

gray (α)
အသံ၏အမြန်နှုန်း ပါးလွှာသော သံချောင်း2730 m/s (at r.t.) (rolled)
အပူ ပြန့်ကားမှု22.0 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
အပူစီးကူးမှု66.8 W/(m·K)
လျှပ်စစ် ခုခံမှု115 nΩ·m (at 0 °C)
သံလိုက်ဓာတ်gray: diamagnetic[၄]
white (β): paramagnetic
သံလိုက် ထိတွေ့နိုင်မှု (χmol)(white) +3.1·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[၅]
Young's modulus50 GPa
Shear modulus18 GPa
Bulk modulus58 GPa
ပိုင်ဆွန် အချိုး0.36
Brinell hardness50–440 MPa
CAS Number7440-31-5
သမိုင်းကြောင်း
ရှာဖွေတွေ့ရှိမှုခရစ်မပေါ်မီ ၃၅၀၀ ဝန်းကျင်
Most stable isotopes of သံဖြူ
iso NA သက်တမ်းဝက် DM DE (MeV) DP
112Sn 0.97% is stable with 62 neutrons
114Sn 0.66% is stable with 64 neutrons
115Sn 0.34% is stable with 65 neutrons
116Sn 14.54% is stable with 66 neutrons
117Sn 7.68% is stable with 67 neutrons
118Sn 24.22% is stable with 68 neutrons
119Sn 8.59% is stable with 69 neutrons
120Sn 32.58% is stable with 70 neutrons
122Sn 4.63% is stable with 72 neutrons
124Sn 5.79% is stable with 74 neutrons
126Sn trace 2.3×105 y β 0.378 126Sb
| references | in Wikidata

Element navigation

tinPT
In ← → Sb

ကိုးကား

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. SnH3NIST Chemistry WebBook။ National Institure of Standards and Technology။ 23 January 2013 တွင် ပြန်စစ်ပြီး။
  3. HSnNIST Chemistry WebBook။ National Institute of Standards and Technology။ 23 January 2013 တွင် ပြန်စစ်ပြီး။
  4. (2005) "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds", in Lide, D. R.: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 86th, Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5 
  5. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing, E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4 
Documentation icon တမ်းပလိတ်မှတ်တမ်းလက်စွဲ[ကြည့်ရှု] [တည်းဖြတ်] [ရာဇဝင်] [ရှင်းသန့်]

Usage[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

အစီအစဉ်နှင့် ပုံစံချမှုများအား သေချာအောင် ပြုပြင်ပေးပါ။


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