တမ်းပလိတ်:Infobox beryllium

ဝီကီပီးဒီးယား မှ
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ဘယ်ရီလီယမ်,  4Be
Be-140g.jpg
ယေဘုယျ ဂုဏ်သတ္တိများ
အမည်၊ သင်္ကေတဘယ်ရီလီယမ်, Be
အသံထွက်/bəˈrɪliəm/
bə-RIL-ee-əm
အဆင်းwhite-gray metallic
ဒြပ်စင်အလှည့်ကျဇယားရှိ ဘယ်ရီလီယမ်
Element 1: Hydrogen (H), Other non-metal
Element 2: Helium (He), Noble gas
Element 3: Lithium (Li), Alkali metal
Element 4: Beryllium (Be), Alkaline earth metal
Element 5: Boron (B), Metalloid
Element 6: Carbon (C), Other non-metal
Element 7: Nitrogen (N), Other non-metal
Element 8: Oxygen (O), Other non-metal
Element 9: Fluorine (F), Halogen
Element 10: Neon (Ne), Noble gas
Element 11: Sodium (Na), Alkali metal
Element 12: Magnesium (Mg), Alkaline earth metal
Element 13: Aluminium (Al), Other metal
Element 14: Silicon (Si), Metalloid
Element 15: Phosphorus (P), Other non-metal
Element 16: Sulfur (S), Other non-metal
Element 17: Chlorine (Cl), Halogen
Element 18: Argon (Ar), Noble gas
Element 19: Potassium (K), Alkali metal
Element 20: Calcium (Ca), Alkaline earth metal
Element 21: Scandium (Sc), Transition metal
Element 22: Titanium (Ti), Transition metal
Element 23: Vanadium (V), Transition metal
Element 24: Chromium (Cr), Transition metal
Element 25: Manganese (Mn), Transition metal
Element 26: Iron (Fe), Transition metal
Element 27: Cobalt (Co), Transition metal
Element 28: Nickel (Ni), Transition metal
Element 29: Copper (Cu), Transition metal
Element 30: Zinc (Zn), Transition metal
Element 31: Gallium (Ga), Other metal
Element 32: Germanium (Ge), Metalloid
Element 33: Arsenic (As), Metalloid
Element 34: Selenium (Se), Other non-metal
Element 35: Bromine (Br), Halogen
Element 36: Krypton (Kr), Noble gas
Element 37: Rubidium (Rb), Alkali metal
Element 38: Strontium (Sr), Alkaline earth metal
Element 39: Yttrium (Y), Transition metal
Element 40: Zirconium (Zr), Transition metal
Element 41: Niobium (Nb), Transition metal
Element 42: Molybdenum (Mo), Transition metal
Element 43: Technetium (Tc), Transition metal
Element 44: Ruthenium (Ru), Transition metal
Element 45: Rhodium (Rh), Transition metal
Element 46: Palladium (Pd), Transition metal
Element 47: Silver (Ag), Transition metal
Element 48: Cadmium (Cd), Transition metal
Element 49: Indium (In), Other metal
Element 50: Tin (Sn), Other metal
Element 51: Antimony (Sb), Metalloid
Element 52: Tellurium (Te), Metalloid
Element 53: Iodine (I), Halogen
Element 54: Xenon (Xe), Noble gas
Element 55: Caesium (Cs), Alkali metal
Element 56: Barium (Ba), Alkaline earth metal
Element 57: Lanthanum (La), Lanthanoid
Element 58: Cerium (Ce), Lanthanoid
Element 59: Praseodymium (Pr), Lanthanoid
Element 60: Neodymium (Nd), Lanthanoid
Element 61: Promethium (Pm), Lanthanoid
Element 62: Samarium (Sm), Lanthanoid
Element 63: Europium (Eu), Lanthanoid
Element 64: Gadolinium (Gd), Lanthanoid
Element 65: Terbium (Tb), Lanthanoid
Element 66: Dysprosium (Dy), Lanthanoid
Element 67: Holmium (Ho), Lanthanoid
Element 68: Erbium (Er), Lanthanoid
Element 69: Thulium (Tm), Lanthanoid
Element 70: Ytterbium (Yb), Lanthanoid
Element 71: Lutetium (Lu), Lanthanoid
Element 72: Hafnium (Hf), Transition metal
Element 73: Tantalum (Ta), Transition metal
Element 74: Tungsten (W), Transition metal
Element 75: Rhenium (Re), Transition metal
Element 76: Osmium (Os), Transition metal
Element 77: Iridium (Ir), Transition metal
Element 78: Platinum (Pt), Transition metal
Element 79: Gold (Au), Transition metal
Element 80: Mercury (Hg), Transition metal
Element 81: Thallium (Tl), Other metal
Element 82: Lead (Pb), Other metal
Element 83: Bismuth (Bi), Other metal
Element 84: Polonium (Po), Metalloid
Element 85: Astatine (At), Halogen
Element 86: Radon (Rn), Noble gas
Element 87: Francium (Fr), Alkali metal
Element 88: Radium (Ra), Alkaline earth metal
Element 89: Actinium (Ac), Actinoid
Element 90: Thorium (Th), Actinoid
Element 91: Protactinium (Pa), Actinoid
Element 92: Uranium (U), Actinoid
Element 93: Neptunium (Np), Actinoid
Element 94: Plutonium (Pu), Actinoid
Element 95: Americium (Am), Actinoid
Element 96: Curium (Cm), Actinoid
Element 97: Berkelium (Bk), Actinoid
Element 98: Californium (Cf), Actinoid
Element 99: Einsteinium (Es), Actinoid
Element 100: Fermium (Fm), Actinoid
Element 101: Mendelevium (Md), Actinoid
Element 102: Nobelium (No), Actinoid
Element 103: Lawrencium (Lr), Actinoid
Element 104: Rutherfordium (Rf), Transition metal
Element 105: Dubnium (Db), Transition metal
Element 106: Seaborgium (Sg), Transition metal
Element 107: Bohrium (Bh), Transition metal
Element 108: Hassium (Hs), Transition metal
Element 109: Meitnerium (Mt), Transition metal
Element 110: Darmstadtium (Ds), Transition metal
Element 111: Roentgenium (Rg), Transition metal
Element 112: Copernicium (Cn), Transition metal
Element 113: Ununtrium (Uut)
Element 114: Ununquadium (Uuq)
Element 115: Ununpentium (Uup)
Element 116: Ununhexium (Uuh)
Element 117: Ununseptium (Uus)
Element 118: Ununoctium (Uuo)


Be

Mg
လီသီယမ်ဘယ်ရီလီယမ်ဘိုရွန်
အက်တမ် အမှတ်စဉ် (Z)4
အုပ်စုဘလော့group 2 (alkaline earth metals), s-block
ဒြပ်စင်အလှည့်ကျဇယားperiod 2
ဒြပ်စင် ကဏ္ဍ  အယ်ကာလိုင်း သတ္တုများ
စံ အက်တောမစ် အလေးချိန် (±) (Ar)9.0121831(5)[၁]
အီလက်ထရွန် ပြုပြင်မှု[He] 2s2
per shell
2, 2
ရုပ်ပိုင်းဆိုင်ရာ ဂုဏ်သတ္တိများ
ဖေ့စ်အစိုင်အခဲ
အရည်ပျော်မှတ်1560 K ​(1287 °C, ​2349 °F)
အရည်ဆူမှတ်2742 K ​(2469 °C, ​4476 °F)
သိပ်သည်းမှု (အခန်းအပူချိန်)1.85 g/cm3
1.690 g/cm3
Critical point5205 K,  MPa (extrapolated)
ဖျူးရှင်းအပူ12.2 kJ/mol
အငွေ့ပျံခြင်း အပူ292 kJ/mol
မိုလာ အပူအင်အား16.443 J/(mol·K)
ငွေ့ရည်ဖိအား
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1462 1608 1791 2023 2327 2742
အက်တောမစ် ဂုဏ်အင်များ
အောက်ဆိုဒ်ဒေးရှင်း အခြေနေ+2, +1[၂] ​(an amphoteric oxide)
အီလက်ထရွန် ဆန့်ကျင်ဘက်ဓာတ်Pauling scale: 1.57
အိုင်ယွန်းပြုခြင်းစွမ်းအင်1st: 899.5 kJ/mol
2nd: 1757.1 kJ/mol
3rd: 14,848.7 kJ/mol
(more)
အက်တောမစ် အချင်းဝက်empirical: 112 pm
ကိုဗေးလန့်အချင်းဝက်96±3 pm
ဗန်ဒါဝေါ့စ် အချင်းဝက်153 pm
Miscellanea
ပုံဆောင်ခဲ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံhexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for ဘယ်ရီလီယမ်
အသံ၏အမြန်နှုန်း ပါးလွှာသော သံချောင်း12,890 m/s (at r.t.)[၃]
အပူ ပြန့်ကားမှု11.3 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
အပူစီးကူးမှု200 W/(m·K)
လျှပ်စစ် ခုခံမှု36 nΩ·m (at 20 °C)
သံလိုက်ဓာတ်diamagnetic
သံလိုက် ထိတွေ့နိုင်မှု (χmol)−9.0·10−6 cm3/mol[၄]
Young's modulus287 GPa
Shear modulus132 GPa
Bulk modulus130 GPa
ပိုင်ဆွန် အချိုး0.032
Mohs hardness5.5
Vickers hardness1670 MPa
Brinell hardness590–1320 MPa
CAS Number7440-41-7
သမိုင်းကြောင်း
ရှာဖွေတွေ့ရှိမှုLouis Nicolas Vauquelin (၁၇၉၈)
ပထမဆုံး ခွဲထုတ်မှုFriedrich Wöhler & Antoine Bussy (၁၈၂၈)
Most stable isotopes of ဘယ်ရီလီယမ်
iso NA သက်တမ်းဝက် DM DE (MeV) DP
7Be trace 53.12 d ε 0.862 7Li
γ 0.477
9Be 100% is stable with 5 neutrons
10Be trace 1.36×106 y β 0.556 10B
| references | in Wikidata

Element navigation

berylliumPT
Li ← → B

ကိုးကား

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. Beryllium: Beryllium(I) Hydride compound data။ bernath.uwaterloo.ca။ 2007-12-10 တွင် ပြန်စစ်ပြီး။
  3. (2011) CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 92nd, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 1439855110 
  4. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing, E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4 
Documentation icon တမ်းပလိတ်မှတ်တမ်းလက်စွဲ[ကြည့်ရှု] [တည်းဖြတ်] [ရာဇဝင်] [ရှင်းသန့်]

Usage[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

အစီအစဉ်နှင့် ပုံစံချမှုများအား သေချာအောင် ပြုပြင်ပေးပါ။


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