ကျန်းကျားကျဲသဘာဝဥယျာဉ်

ဝီကီပီးဒီးယား မှ
ဤနေရာသို့သွားရန် - အ​ညွှန်း​, ရှာဖွေရန်
Zhangjiajie
张家界
Prefecture-level city
张家界市
နာမည်ပြောင်(များ): Dayong
Location of Zhangjiajie within Hunan
Location of Zhangjiajie within Hunan
Zhangjiajie သည် China တွင် တည်ရှိသည်
Zhangjiajie
Zhangjiajie
Location in China
ကိုဩဒိနိတ်: 29°09′N 110°29′E / 29.150°N 110.483°E / 29.150; 110.483
Country China
Province Hunan
ဧရိယာ
 • စုစုပေါင်း ၉,၅၁၈ စတုရန်းကီလိုမီတာ (၃၆၇၅ စတုရန်းမိုင်)
လူဦးရေ (2010)
 • စုစုပေါင်း ၁,၄၇၆,၅၂၁
အချိန်ဇုန် China standard time (UTC+8)
ဝက်ဘ်ဆိုဒ် www.zjj.gov.cn

ကျန်းကျားကျဲ (ရိုးရှင်းတရုတ်: 张家界; ရိုးရာတရုတ်: 張家界; ပင်ရင်: Zhāngjiājiè) သည် တရုတ်ပြည်သူ့သမ္မတနိုင်ငံ၊ ဟူနန်ပြည်နယ်အနောက်မြောက်ပိုင်းရှိ တိုင်းခွဲအဆင့်မြို့တစ်မြို့ဖြစ်သည်။ It comprises the district of Yongding (永定) and counties of Cili (慈利) and Sangzhi (桑植). Within it is located Wulingyuan Scenic Area which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992 as well as an AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration.[၁]

History[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

The city itself used to be named Dayong (大庸), and has a recorded history dating back to 221 BC. Human beings lived here along both banks of the Lishui river (the mother river in zhangjiajie), now within the boundaries of Zhanagjiajie City, very early during the Stone Age. The history of civilization in this region dates back to 100,000 years ago, rivaling such famous sites as Xi’an, Beijing and others. In 1986, the Academy of Chinese Social Science discovered relics of the Old Stone Age in Cili County, unearthing 108 articles of stoneware; these mainly included: tapered-form, hacked-tamped and plate-shaped wares. According to the archaeological experts’ textual research, all of these wares were produced about 100,000 years ago. What’s more, shortly thereafter, in 1988, the Archaeological Institute of Hunan Province found another relic of the Old Stone Age in Sangzhi County; they turned up 3 pieces of stoneware, which they estimated, were also fashioned over 100,000 years ago. Ten thousand years ago, those who lived within the boundaries of what is now Zhangjiajie City, employed fire to bake pottery. Archaeologists have found more than 20 relics of this kind in Cili County, while in Sangzhi County, a black clay pot adorned with a unique design and dating back to ten thousand years ago was unearthed. In that period of history, such a pottery-firing technique was the most advanced in China. These sparks of culture in the fashioning of stone tools and pottery truly cast its wonderful light on the civilization of this region; however, it endured but a short while and then passed off the scene into the endless stream of history. This seems understandable in view of Zhangjiajie’s remote geographical position, its undeveloped land and river transportation, its mountainous terrain making cultivation difficult, and its overall backwardness. For these reasons, Zhangjiajie has been labeled “ the Land of the Savage Southern Minority” since the dawn of recorded history. Also, the people here have borne the names of “Wuling Rude People” and “Tujia Rude People” for generations.

Origin of the name[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

ကျန်းကျားကျဲမြို့ဟူသောအမည်သစ်ကို ၁၉၉၄ တွင် ဝူလင်ယွမ်ရှုခင်းဒေသရရှိခဲ့သည်။ The new name of Zhangjiajie City was adopted in 1994, after the National Forest Park in the Wulingyuan Scenic Area (武陵源) in order to give it more prominence and after this site had been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. The National Forest Park had been given the name of Zhangjiajie after the name of a small village located within its bounds, and now a popular tourist attraction within the park. The three-character name (张家界) can be interpreted as follows: "Zhang" (张) is a common surname in China; "jia" (家) can be translated as "family"; and "jie" (界) can be translated as "homeland", giving the completed translation of "Zhang family homeland." It has been reported that at least one tourist guide has said that the name may have been chosen to convey the idea or impression of "Open the family door to welcome the world" (门引进世), but this is not the locally-accepted and directly translated meaning of the name. The official version of its name is linked to a Han general, Zhang Liang, who resettled in the area after a suspicious Liu Bang, the Han emperor, started to persecute his staffs and generals who had contributed to his becoming emperor. It was so named to signify that the Zhang family had set up home there.

စီးပွားရေး[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

တိုင်းခွဲသည် ပင်မခရီးသွားလုပ်ငန်းဒေသဖြစ်သည်။ တရုတ်နိုင်ငံတစ်ဝှမ်းလုံးနှင့်အခြားအာရှနိုင်ငံများဖြစ်သည့် ကိုးရီးယားစသည့်နိုင်ငံများမှခရီးသွားများလာရောက်ကြသည်။ နိုင်ငံတကာခရီးသည်များလည်းတစ်နေ့ထက်တစ်နေ့ပိုမိုလာရောက်ကြသည်။

Tourist attractions[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

The Wulinyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area comprises the Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, the Tianzishan (天子山) mountain ranges, Baofenghu (宝峰湖) and the Suoxi Valley (索溪峪), and is a very popular filming and tourist destination.

ကျန်းကျားကျဲဒေသတွင် ဟွမ်လုံတုံ့(နဂါးတွင်း)(黄龙洞)လှိုဏ်ဂူနှင့် လုံဝမ်တုံ့(နဂါးမင်းလှိုဏ်) (龙王洞)တို့သည် သဘာဝကျောက်ဆောင်များဖြင့်ဖွဲ့စည်းထားမှုဖြင့်နာမည်ကျော်သည်။

The Bailong Elevator is also located in the area.

Each year, Zhangjiajie hosts the International Country Music Week Festival,[၂] which has featured international acts such as American Country Music group Lucy Angel.

Transportation[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

The Zhangjiajie Airport services scheduled service to major airports in China.

Sister cities[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

Zhangjiajie is twinned with:

Gallery[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

References[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

  1. AAAAA Scenic AreasChina National Tourism Administration (16 November 2008)။ 9 April 2011 တွင် ပြန်စစ်ပြီး။
  2. http://www.icmfc.com/en/index.asp

External links[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

Template:Hunan topics Template:Hunan

ကိုဩဒိနိတ်: 29°08′N 110°29′E / 29.133°N 110.483°E / 29.133; 110.483