Template:Infobox gallium

ဝီကီပီးဒီးယား မှ
ဤနေရာသို့သွားရန် - အ​ညွှန်း​, ရှာဖွေရန်
ဂဲလီယမ်,  31Ga
Gallium crystals.jpg
ယေဘုယျ ဂုဏ်သတ္တိများ
အမည်၊ သင်္ကေတ ဂဲလီယမ်, Ga
အသံထွက် /ˈɡæliəm/
GAL-ee-əm
အဆင်း silvery blue
ဒြပ်စင်အလှည့်ကျဇယားရှိ ဂဲလီယမ်
Element 1: Hydrogen (H), Other non-metal
Element 2: Helium (He), Noble gas
Element 3: Lithium (Li), Alkali metal
Element 4: Beryllium (Be), Alkaline earth metal
Element 5: Boron (B), Metalloid
Element 6: Carbon (C), Other non-metal
Element 7: Nitrogen (N), Other non-metal
Element 8: Oxygen (O), Other non-metal
Element 9: Fluorine (F), Halogen
Element 10: Neon (Ne), Noble gas
Element 11: Sodium (Na), Alkali metal
Element 12: Magnesium (Mg), Alkaline earth metal
Element 13: Aluminium (Al), Other metal
Element 14: Silicon (Si), Metalloid
Element 15: Phosphorus (P), Other non-metal
Element 16: Sulfur (S), Other non-metal
Element 17: Chlorine (Cl), Halogen
Element 18: Argon (Ar), Noble gas
Element 19: Potassium (K), Alkali metal
Element 20: Calcium (Ca), Alkaline earth metal
Element 21: Scandium (Sc), Transition metal
Element 22: Titanium (Ti), Transition metal
Element 23: Vanadium (V), Transition metal
Element 24: Chromium (Cr), Transition metal
Element 25: Manganese (Mn), Transition metal
Element 26: Iron (Fe), Transition metal
Element 27: Cobalt (Co), Transition metal
Element 28: Nickel (Ni), Transition metal
Element 29: Copper (Cu), Transition metal
Element 30: Zinc (Zn), Transition metal
Element 31: Gallium (Ga), Other metal
Element 32: Germanium (Ge), Metalloid
Element 33: Arsenic (As), Metalloid
Element 34: Selenium (Se), Other non-metal
Element 35: Bromine (Br), Halogen
Element 36: Krypton (Kr), Noble gas
Element 37: Rubidium (Rb), Alkali metal
Element 38: Strontium (Sr), Alkaline earth metal
Element 39: Yttrium (Y), Transition metal
Element 40: Zirconium (Zr), Transition metal
Element 41: Niobium (Nb), Transition metal
Element 42: Molybdenum (Mo), Transition metal
Element 43: Technetium (Tc), Transition metal
Element 44: Ruthenium (Ru), Transition metal
Element 45: Rhodium (Rh), Transition metal
Element 46: Palladium (Pd), Transition metal
Element 47: Silver (Ag), Transition metal
Element 48: Cadmium (Cd), Transition metal
Element 49: Indium (In), Other metal
Element 50: Tin (Sn), Other metal
Element 51: Antimony (Sb), Metalloid
Element 52: Tellurium (Te), Metalloid
Element 53: Iodine (I), Halogen
Element 54: Xenon (Xe), Noble gas
Element 55: Caesium (Cs), Alkali metal
Element 56: Barium (Ba), Alkaline earth metal
Element 57: Lanthanum (La), Lanthanoid
Element 58: Cerium (Ce), Lanthanoid
Element 59: Praseodymium (Pr), Lanthanoid
Element 60: Neodymium (Nd), Lanthanoid
Element 61: Promethium (Pm), Lanthanoid
Element 62: Samarium (Sm), Lanthanoid
Element 63: Europium (Eu), Lanthanoid
Element 64: Gadolinium (Gd), Lanthanoid
Element 65: Terbium (Tb), Lanthanoid
Element 66: Dysprosium (Dy), Lanthanoid
Element 67: Holmium (Ho), Lanthanoid
Element 68: Erbium (Er), Lanthanoid
Element 69: Thulium (Tm), Lanthanoid
Element 70: Ytterbium (Yb), Lanthanoid
Element 71: Lutetium (Lu), Lanthanoid
Element 72: Hafnium (Hf), Transition metal
Element 73: Tantalum (Ta), Transition metal
Element 74: Tungsten (W), Transition metal
Element 75: Rhenium (Re), Transition metal
Element 76: Osmium (Os), Transition metal
Element 77: Iridium (Ir), Transition metal
Element 78: Platinum (Pt), Transition metal
Element 79: Gold (Au), Transition metal
Element 80: Mercury (Hg), Transition metal
Element 81: Thallium (Tl), Other metal
Element 82: Lead (Pb), Other metal
Element 83: Bismuth (Bi), Other metal
Element 84: Polonium (Po), Metalloid
Element 85: Astatine (At), Halogen
Element 86: Radon (Rn), Noble gas
Element 87: Francium (Fr), Alkali metal
Element 88: Radium (Ra), Alkaline earth metal
Element 89: Actinium (Ac), Actinoid
Element 90: Thorium (Th), Actinoid
Element 91: Protactinium (Pa), Actinoid
Element 92: Uranium (U), Actinoid
Element 93: Neptunium (Np), Actinoid
Element 94: Plutonium (Pu), Actinoid
Element 95: Americium (Am), Actinoid
Element 96: Curium (Cm), Actinoid
Element 97: Berkelium (Bk), Actinoid
Element 98: Californium (Cf), Actinoid
Element 99: Einsteinium (Es), Actinoid
Element 100: Fermium (Fm), Actinoid
Element 101: Mendelevium (Md), Actinoid
Element 102: Nobelium (No), Actinoid
Element 103: Lawrencium (Lr), Actinoid
Element 104: Rutherfordium (Rf), Transition metal
Element 105: Dubnium (Db), Transition metal
Element 106: Seaborgium (Sg), Transition metal
Element 107: Bohrium (Bh), Transition metal
Element 108: Hassium (Hs), Transition metal
Element 109: Meitnerium (Mt), Transition metal
Element 110: Darmstadtium (Ds), Transition metal
Element 111: Roentgenium (Rg), Transition metal
Element 112: Copernicium (Cn), Transition metal
Element 113: Ununtrium (Uut)
Element 114: Ununquadium (Uuq)
Element 115: Ununpentium (Uup)
Element 116: Ununhexium (Uuh)
Element 117: Ununseptium (Uus)
Element 118: Ununoctium (Uuo)
Al

Ga

In
သွပ်ဂဲလီယမ်ဂျာမန်နီယမ်
အက်တမ် အမှတ်စဉ် (Z) 31
အုပ်စုဘလော့ group 13, p-block
ဒြပ်စင်အလှည့်ကျဇယား period 4
ဒြပ်စင် ကဏ္ဍ   post-transition metal
စံ အက်တောမစ် အလေးချိန် (±) (Ar) 69.723(1)[၁]
အီလက်ထရွန် ပြုပြင်မှု [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
per shell
2, 8, 18, 3
ရုပ်ပိုင်းဆိုင်ရာ ဂုဏ်သတ္တိများ
ဖေ့စ် အစိုင်အခဲ
အရည်ပျော်မှတ် 302.9146 K ​(29.7646 °C, ​85.5763 °F)
အရည်ဆူမှတ် 2673 K ​(2400 °C, ​4352 °F)[၂]
သိပ်သည်းမှု (အခန်းအပူချိန်) 5.91 g/cm3
6.095 g/cm3
ဖျူးရှင်းအပူ 5.59 kJ/mol
အငွေ့ပျံခြင်း အပူ 256 kJ/mol[၂]
မိုလာ အပူအင်အား 25.86 J/(mol·K)
ငွေ့ရည်ဖိအား
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1310 1448 1620 1838 2125 2518
အက်တောမစ် ဂုဏ်အင်များ
အောက်ဆိုဒ်ဒေးရှင်း အခြေနေ 3, 2, 1, −1, −2, −4, −5[၃] ​(an amphoteric oxide)
အီလက်ထရွန် ဆန့်ကျင်ဘက်ဓာတ် Pauling scale: 1.81
အိုင်ယွန်းပြုခြင်းစွမ်းအင် 1st: 578.8 kJ/mol
2nd: 1979.3 kJ/mol
3rd: 2963 kJ/mol
(more)
အက်တောမစ် အချင်းဝက် empirical: 135 pm
ကိုဗေးလန့်အချင်းဝက် 122±3 pm
ဗန်ဒါဝေါ့စ် အချင်းဝက် 187 pm
Miscellanea
ပုံဆောင်ခဲ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံ orthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for ဂဲလီယမ်
အသံ၏အမြန်နှုန်း 2740 m/s (at 20 °C)
အပူ ပြန့်ကားမှု 18 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
အပူစီးကူးမှု 40.6 W/(m·K)
လျှပ်စစ် ခုခံမှု 270 nΩ·m (at 20 °C)
သံလိုက်ဓာတ် diamagnetism
သံလိုက် ထိတွေ့နိုင်မှု (χmol) −21.6·10−6 cm3/mol (at 290 K)[၄]
Young's modulus 9.8 GPa
ပိုင်ဆွန် အချိုး 0.47
Mohs hardness 1.5
Brinell hardness 56.8–68.7 MPa
CAS Number 7440-55-3
သမိုင်းကြောင်း
အမည်တပ်ခြင်း after Gallia (Latin for: France), homeland of the discoverer
ကြိုတင်ဟောခြင်း Dmitri Mendeleev (1871)
ရှာဖွေတွေ့ရှိမှုနှင့် ပထမဆုံးခွဲထုတ်ခြင်း Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1875)
Most stable isotopes of ဂဲလီယမ်
iso NA သက်တမ်းဝက် DM DE (MeV) DP
66Ga syn 9.5 h β+ 4.153 66Zn
67Ga syn 3.3 d ε 1.001 67Zn
68Ga syn 1.2 h β+ 1.899 68Zn
69Ga 60.11% is stable with 38 neutrons
70Ga syn 21 min β 1.653 70Ge
ε 0.655 70Zn
71Ga 39.89% is stable with 40 neutrons
72Ga syn 14.1 h β 3.997 72Ge
73Ga syn 4.9 h β 1.598 73Ge
| references | in Wikidata

Element navigation

galliumPT
Zn ← → Ge

ကိုးကား

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. ၂.၀ ၂.၁ Zhang Y (2011). "Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks". J. Chem. Eng. Data 56 (2): 328–337. doi:10.1021/je1011086. 
  3. Hofmann, Patrick (1997). Colture. Ein Programm zur interaktiven Visualisierung von Festkörperstrukturen sowie Synthese, Struktur und Eigenschaften von binären und ternären Alkali- und Erdalkalimetallgalliden (in de). PhD Thesis, ETH Zurich, 72. doi:10.3929/ethz-a-001859893. ISBN 3728125970. 
  4. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing, E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
Documentation icon တမ်းပလိတ်မှတ်တမ်းလက်စွဲ[ကြည့်ရှု] [တည်းဖြတ်] [ရာဇဝင်] [ရှင်းသန့်]

Usage[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]

အစီအစဉ်နှင့် ပုံစံချမှုများအား သေချာအောင် ပြုပြင်ပေးပါ။


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ထပ်မံလေ့လာရန်[ပြင်ဆင်ရန်]