Jatropha and Renewable Energy Sub-Division
Physic Nut (Jatropha) is the most appropriate as a energy crop for many reasons. Jatropha Bio-diesel holds promise as fuel alternatives. Jatropha Bio-diesel readily mixes with diesel fuel and it runs in any diesel engine without modification and it is environmentally friendly energy
To reduce reliance on imported fossil fuel. To fulfill the domestic fuel demand. To develop the industrial sector of the country. To enhance machines use efficiency. To save foreign exchange. Physic Nut (Jatropha) is the most appropriate as a energy crop for many reasons: Farmers are already familiar with Physics nuts . It has been grown as a fencing crop almost all over the country since many years ago. It widely adapts from dry areas to temperate areas. Annual rainfall requirement 18 to 93 inches . Temp: 18 º C to 40 º C . It can be easily propagated . Harvesting is comparatively easy and oil can be expelled by using existing extraction methods and simple expelling machine . Jatropha Bio-diesel holds promise as fuel alternatives . The use of Primary Fuels can be reduced by using bio-diesel. Bio-diesel can be produced with an agricultural orientation . Numerous researches have shown that Jatropha Bio-diesel has fuel properties and provides engine performance that is very similar to diesel fuel . Jatropha Bio-diesel readily mixes with diesel fuel and it runs in any diesel engine without modification and it is environmentally friendly energy . It is expected that world bio-diesel market is increasing with wide acceptance by the automobile industry and conservation of environment . Myanmar Government has laid down a plan to implement the Jatropha Project . According to the current Plan, Jatropha will cover the land area of more than 8 million acres through out the country within three years. The seed production of about 10 million ton is expected in every year. Up to now about 3.4 million acres have been put under cultivation.
1.Degumming at /Acid treatment Crude oil is mixed with water, stirred and heated 70 °C about 30 minutes. Add NaOH 5-10% and continue stirring and settle down. Bottom layer of gum and water can be drained out. Remove water from degummed oil by heating at 100 ° C. Acid treatment Crude oil is treated with concentrate H2 SO4 to change FFA into ester 2.Exact quantity of sodium hydroxide required as determined by titration is thoroughly mixed in methanol till it dissolves completely to result in sodium methoxide. 3.Degummed oil/acid treated oil mixed with the sodium methoxide while with agitator running at 55 °C. 4.It is then allowed to settle and glycerine is removed from bottom.